Collateral Consequences

The other day in my study, I came across this statement made by Francis de Sales to a young woman Philothea:

“Slander is a kind of murder since we have three kinds of life: the spiritual life consists in the grace of God, the bodily life depends on the soul, and the social life consists in reputation. Sin takes away the first, death deprives us of the second, and slander strips us of the third. With a single stroke of his tongue, the slanderer usually commits three murders. He kills his own soul and that of the one who listens to him by a spiritual homicide, and the other by destruction of his reputation.”[1]

I am think Francis stretched the spiritual homicide idea but he is absolutely correct to understand our action always have a multiple of consequences, evil will always seek to do as much damage as possible to as many people as possible.

The journey which is focused on the words “Well done good and faithful servant” has for its goal is a journey seeking the will of God. This is not an easy journey. Jesus himself spoke such a warning. “Enter through the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the road is broad that leads to destruction, and there are many who go through it. (Matt. 7:13 CSB) and of course one of the most quote text for struggle, “Whoever does not bear his own cross and come after me cannot be my disciple.”  (Lk. 14:27 ESV)

On this difficult journey we are going to make mistakes. Hopeful through experience, education, prayer, faith-building activity, growing older, and a lot of grace we try hard to minimize the damage our actions do to others. We understand there can be spiritual consequences to what we do. In the past the church was able to help in setting ethical standards and a social structure to help protect and maintain the community in its life-giving efforts so that the effect of sin and death were not as socially destructive, but those days are gone. As Stanley Hauerwas reminds us, “The church is in a buyer’s market that makes any attempt to form a disciplined congregational life very difficult.”[2]

Therefore, it is all the more important to develop our own spiritual practices and take responsibility for our own spiritual maturity. Also, we need to seek to find others to form a voluntary community connected in non-traditional ways. The true church has never been an organization or building.

It is good to read the master spiritual directors of the past. Their words have a way of transcending time and are very relevant for our age.


[1] de Sales, St. Francis. Introduction to the Devout Life (p. 173). Opened Heart Publishing LLC. Kindle Edition.

[2] Hauerwas, Stanley. Approaching the End: Eschatological Reflections on Church, Politics, and Life . Eerdmans. Kindle Edition

Lectionary Sermon for August 1, 2021

John 6:24-35 More than Wheat Bread

In my earlier years as a pastor, when this text would come up in the lectionary cycle, I would put a bread maker in the pulpit and set the timer where the bread would be finished when I finished the sermon.

It was always interesting to watch the congregation as they began to smell the fresh baking bread. Some would look around try to find out where the smell was coming from. Others licked their lips. Everyone was aware of the baking bread. I thought I had a pretty good sermon illustration but in fact, the baking bread was a distraction from the bread of life I was breaking.

How was it a distraction? The distraction was the wonderful smell that filled the room was getting more attention than the opportunity for understanding and faith that this passage offers to us.

First, lets look at the context in which the dialogue between Jesus and the crowd.

The crowd had been looking for Jesus. This crowd was part of the 5000 Jesus had recently miraculously fed. They wanted more of this seemingly free meal that Jesus was able to provide. And while feeding 5000 with a few fish and loaves of bread is a miracle, the miracle’s purpose was to authenticate Jesus’s authority to teach and guide people back to God. The physical beneficial of satisfying their hunger was not the main idea. Sadly, evidently the crowd didn’t get it. Listen again to what Jesus says to them.

Jesus replied, “I assure you that you are looking for me not because you saw miraculous signs but because you ate all the food you wanted. Don’t work for the food that doesn’t last but for the food that endures for eternal life, which the Human One will give you. God the Father has confirmed him as his agent to give life.” John 6:26-27

Jesus is basically telling the people they have the wrong motives. They are cheating themselves by missing the true purpose of the Human One, the human being who was God incarnate, God with us.

And what was the crowd’s response? They want to question. They question Jesus about what God expects. They say, “What must we do to do the works God requires?”  (Jn. 6:28 NIV)

Jesus answers that the work of God is believing in Him, the one whom God has sealed, that is put God’s stamp of authority on Him. The work of God being making the choice to have faith in the person God has sent.

How is that work? Work is defined as, an activity involving mental or physical effort done in order to achieve a purpose or result. We work to get a project done, a paycheck to support us, and desire achieved.

But are we not saved by grace? Yes, For by grace you have been saved through faith, and this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God–not the result of works, so that no one may boast.  (Eph. 2:8-9 NRS) But we need to have the next verse included to fully understand what Paul is talking about.

“For we are what he has made us, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand to be our way of life.” (Eph. 2:10 NRS) We are created, in other words, our purpose as a human being is to live in the realm of faith in the light of the ultimate revelation of God in Jesus.

The crowd does not get the answer they want from Jesus and so they try to use Scripture against him. The bring up the story of Moses and the manna that fell from heaven. They want Jesus to perform a sign

“What sign then are You going to do so we may see and believe You?” they asked. “What are You going to perform?

 (Jn. 6:30 CSB) The man has just fed 5000 people, some of them in this crowd, and they want a sign?

Jesus then uses the Moses event to try to get the crowd to understand what God was doing. First, the manna did not come from Moses but God. The work was to gather the bread. That bread did not last. Manna prevented the Hebrew people from starving to death in the wilderness. The bread Jesus offers is bread that does more than feed the body, it is a bread that gives life, eternal life, to the body and soul.

What manna in the desert reveal was that God will provide for God’s people if we will but listen. It lets us know God acts on behalf of both those who understand and those who just show up. As God guides God provides.

Short fact. In the New Revised Standard Bible the word bread is used 330 times. Pretty significant substance.

In the beginning of God’s relationship to humanity became very unstable. Humans chose a deception, a lie, over God. One of the results we are told is, “You will eat bread by the sweat of your brow until you return to the ground, since you were taken from it. For you are dust, and you will return to dust.” (Gen. 3:19 CSB)

We are told bread is important and we are going to have to work for it. During the Passover when God rescues the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt, bread again is important.

“You are to observe the Festival of Unleavened Bread because on this very day I brought your divisions out of the land of Egypt. You must observe this day throughout your generations as a permanent statute. (Exod. 12:17 CSB)

This theme of the importance of bread is carried over in our practice of communion. We remember, “As they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take and eat it; this is My body.” (Matt. 26:26 CSB) This is a sacrament, an opportunity for us to be with God and God with us.

Here is the good news. He is the reason for our gathering. He is the reason for your faith. Here is the reason we have hope. Jesus replied, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never go hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. (Jn. 6:35 CEB) This is the offer of God.

We will not be force fed. God provides grace. It is up to us to do the work of God.

While growing up, our family put marks on a door frame to show us how much we have grown. If the marks were growth in faith, would our growth be evident? This is a good question to ask oneself.

Is This Evil?

Beware- And no wonder! Even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. (2 Cor. 11:14 NRS)

Systems and approaches to pastoral care, or indeed any other dimension of the church’s formal or informal practice, that exclude a focus on developing ways of restoring such a relationship with God and creating a context for a hopeful outcome can easily find themselves selves functioning in ways that are implicitly or explicitly evil.

John Swinton. Raging With Compassion: Pastoral Responses to the Problem of Evil (Kindle Locations 704-706). Kindle Edition.

Isaiah 5:20 gives us a warning: “Ah, you who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!” (Isa. 5:20 NRS)

As a spiritual seeker and spiritual director I have learned to be careful in my discernment of what is good and evil. As I reflect on my own life I have discovered with regret that too many I have engaged in evil when I was thinking I was doing good. As I grow older I also have discovered just how easy it is to be deceived by evil and to be involved in evil unaware.

Over the last year and a half as we have lived with the pandemic caused by Covid-19 I have been shocked and frustrated with how people seem so selfish in regards to taking precautions to stop the spread of the virus and in caring for others. People seem more concerned with their own comfort, their own independence, their own situation without much regard for others. Could this be a sign of love growing cold?

Over the last four years the joke about politicians have a tendency to lie has become the reality in which people do not care if politicians lie as long as it is their politician. People have elevated a liar to be their leader with the attitude that this leader can do no wrong. They even declare this leader a defender of righteousness when nothing could be further than the truth.

For the time is coming when people will not put up with sound doctrine, but having itching ears, they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own desires, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander away to myths. (2 Tim. 4:3-4 NRS)

To me, it seems that this time is now upon us. Truth does not matter. What I want is what matters. What is good for my tribe is what matters. Again, love seems to be growing colder.

Even the church has been infected with Qanon conspiracies and Wall Street sensitivities. Too many pastors have forgotten their roles as spiritual guides and are more interested in professional advancement and materialistic comforts. Too many church goers are more interested in being entertained rather than enlightened.

Never has the need for spiritual discernment and competency in spiritual warfare been greater. Niche ministry (not a biblical term) has become the norm. We have cowboy churches (no cowgirl churches yet), biker churches, goth churches and hipster churches, black churches, white churches, Hispanic churches, and multiple other types of churches designated by things that highlight difference rather than unity. Is this of God or is this evil?

As a spiritual director I understand how easily it is to be caught up in movements that seem good but have a dark underside. I understand the need to have a daily (or twice daily) time for Examen prayer and for developing those skills and practices that strengthen discernment and compassion. I am hoping there are those in the church who recognize the situation and understand we need a new reformation that puts the emphasis on a different way of living that develops faith for the hard path needed to stand against evil and truly experience God’s love in a real and life expanding way.

I want the Lord to return. However, I don’t want the reason for the Lord’s return to be because the church failed to standing against evil, it all its forms, and allowed our love to grow cold.

Understanding Evil in Spiritual Direction

In my early years of training as a spiritual director the one area I wished I would have had more training in how to respond to evil. When I faced true evil, I was unprepared for the hatred, hostility, deceptiveness, and seductiveness evil sends our way. The consequences for me were quite traumatic, however, the gift of grace I received from the consequences are what drive me now.

Many of the new schools and programs of spiritual direction do not deal with the issue of evil. Also, many orientations of faith other than Christian do not recognize evil as a reality. And while spiritual directors are not supposed to be theodicists, we may not have an answer to the question of evil, but we do need to be able to help our directees discern and respond rather than react when faced with evil.

Stanley Hauerwas (a very competent theologian) writes, “For the early Christians, suffering and evil did not have to be “explained.”  Rather, what was required was the means to go on even if the evil could not be “explained.”[1]

One I understood the need for the ability to sense the presence of evil and to have the skills to overcome the spiritual complications it brings to human life and the divine/human relationship I sought out the skills and methodology for spiritual direction taught by Ignatius of Loyola. The skills to discern between desolation and consolation has vastly helped me to grasp the battle that surrounds us always.

Evil is about lies from the father of lies. Evil is about destruction, deception, doubt, despair, and death. Evil seeks to move us like cattle toward ignorance and arrogance. Evil does not like intimacy. Evil does not like vulnerability found in a complete surrender to the will of God. Evil understands that when we are weak, God is strongest in us. When God is close, loved as a lover, evil fades and fails. Still, we must remember evil never gives up.

Along with Ignatius, I have found the work of Frank Rogers and his book, Practicing Compassion, to be a great help in doing the basic work to help me be total available (save space) for my directee. Frank gives tools for compassionate living (which for me is learning to live with Christ on the journey of life) that can make us aware of how evil uses our issue on others. Evil knows our fears and so should we. Evil knows our longings and so should we. Evil knows our aching wounds and our gifts not recognized and so should we. If we do not know our own FLAG (fear, longings, aching wounds, gifts not recognized) we give evil the upper hand in our spiritual lives.

The question is not if we will encounter evil in spiritual direction for, we will. The question is will we be used by the enemy or will we be the vessel God uses to rescue others. This issue is not whether our directees will face the fierceness of the foe but when they face it will they be ready? What have we done to help them? I believe every session of spiritual direction needs to spend time in honest analysis of how the battle is going in the life of our directee. I wish my director had.


[1] John Swinton. Raging With Compassion: Pastoral Responses to the Problem of Evil (Kindle Locations 407-408). Kindle Edition.

Lectionary Sermon for July 25th

John 6:1-21 Who is in Charge?

The events of this passage are incredible. They are miraculous. According to our current level of knowledge of the physical universe, these things cannot be done. The are impossible. How can we believe these things really happened? Jesus is supposed to have fed over 5000 people with a few fish and a few loaves of bread and then he is found walking on water, is this really true?

The recorded events of Jesus life put us in a position to make a choice. Did these things really happen? If they did then something with significance and importance is happening.  Or is this just a story to try that magnifies the myth of a man named Jesus? This is our dilemma. 

This story portrays Jesus as someone who has supernatural events happening around him. If supernatural events are taking place around Jesus how can they be explained?

Note what the story tells us about how the people reacted, “When the people saw the sign that he had done, they began to say, “This is indeed the prophet who is to come into the world.” When Jesus realized that they were about to come and take him by force to make him king, he withdrew again to the mountain by himself.  (Jn. 6:14-15 NRS)

People have all kinds of misperceptions about Jesus. They still do today. People still try to use Jesus to obtain power, position, or profit (that is money).

I often wonder how the Lord does not get frustrated with people who just won’t get it. People who, as I have said before say, “Don’t confuse me with the fact, my mind is made up.”

The Lord has patience. The Lord has love. Our Lord knows that the people are going to have a hard time accepting him. The Lord is still willing to alleviate human suffering when he can even if his message is being distorted or ignored. Even if he had to deal with individuals who wanted to use his popularity for their own political purposed.

There was a song in the play Jesus Christ Superstar that captures the mentality of many who encountered Jesus in that day. They wanted a political messiah

There must be over fifty thousand. Screaming love and more for you.

And every one of fifty thousand, would do whatever you ask him to.

Keep them yelling their devotion, but add a touch of hate at Rome.

You will rise to a greater power, we will win ourselves a home!

You’ll get the power and the glory for ever and ever and ever

Amen! Amen!

So many people want to use Jesus for their own agenda in politics.

Just think of how many politicians and preachers tried to use the name of Jesus politically in our last election. Jesus agenda is never politics, it is always people.

Jesus heals out of his love and compassion. His mission is to seek and save the lost. Healing was a way to demonstrate his authority. He seeks to teach them the will of God, the way of God, and the wonder of God.

OK, but what about the walking on the water, “Why defy his own laws?”

It is important to understand how foolish such a question is. The boundaries set up by laws are for our good. Our understanding of “laws” cannot confine the will of God.

Laws must be interpreted (that’s why there is an occupation called lawyer). It is also important to know the reasoning behind the laws. Traffic laws such as speed limits have a purpose to protect lives, but some local communities can perceive speed laws as a way to make money with speed traps. And there will be times when laws conflict. When there is a conflict, how do we decide then?

Laws are part of the human process. Laws help us build stability and sustainable community. The purpose defined of the law helps define the spirit of the law and the spirit of the law determines how the law is applied within God’s will.

In the discernment of any behavior, the ultimate law is what God says for all law comes from God. Jesus demonstrates he has authority over all-natural law. His will establishes all-natural law. So Jesus is not braking a natural law by walking on water because he is the ultimate law, the living Word.

We must never become distracted from the reality that who Jesus is defines what Jesus does. Jesus is God incarnate. God who opens the kingdom in the midst of us now. God who calls us and loves for who we are not for what we do.

Scripture makes this clear about the human condition., “as it is written: “There is no one who is righteous, not even one; there is no one who has understanding, there is no one who seeks God. All have turned aside, together they have become worthless; there is no one who shows kindness, there is not even one.”” (Rom. 3:10-12 NRS)

Did you get that? Not even one!

There is no human reason for God to love us. There is no logical reason for God to care about us. There is nothing we can do but not having a reason other than God choses to love us is in fact reason enough because God is God. If God wants to walk on water, then God can walk on water. If God wants to feed 5000 in a miraculous way, then God can feed them. If God wants to love me, if God wants to care for me, if God wants to save me God can do this.

However, if I want to make God fit into what I believe God should do Jesus wants no part of that. If you try to make Jesus fit your political agenda, your social agenda, your economic agenda, your lifestyle agenda, or even personal agenda he will not cooperate. It is not our agenda that counts. It is not our agenda that will create unity. It is not our agenda that will create harmony. It is not our agendas that will last into eternity.

Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. (Jn. 14:6 CEB) This is the agenda. The actions are indicative of the authority. It is the person that is the issue. The question is, “Have you come to the truth?” Only you can decide.

Decide for the one who has true authority. Focus on the person and you will receive the promises.

Lectionary Sermon for July 18th

Mark 6:30-34, 53-56 Even the Demons Believe

Toward the end of 1999, the last year of the previous century, a lot of people believed that when the clocks turned to 2000 all the computers would fail because the clock systems these computers used would not be able to make the change from 1999 to 2000. Many people believed this would cause a worldwide crisis. Many people who believed this crisis would happen took their money out of banks. Others bought survival gear and prepared for the worst. However, when the clocks changed from 1999 to 2000 there was no crisis. Just because we believe something does not make it true.

Beliefs has the possibility of producing hope or despair. Hope or despair can produce possibilities or problems. Possibility or problems can produce opportunities or obstacles.

In our passage today, the actions of Jesus produce hope for many and despair for a few. Jesus brough hope to many on the fringes of Jewish culture. Jesus brought worry and despair to the privileged and powerful.

While Jesus brought hope to the many by his actions. The problem was that many people focused on Jesus practices and missed the person.

Our story today begins with Jesus realizing his disciples need some rest. They are fired up. They have stories of the power of God being demonstrated. However, they were not taking time to eat or relax. Jesus intercedes. He tells the disciple they need to go and have some time off, a time to relax. Jesus is not afraid to take time off. Jesus did not feel it was wrong to intentionally get away. So off Jesus and the disciples go on a boat to a place they believe they will be alone.

The problem is that Jesus has gone viral. His name is becoming a household word. People are beginning to believe things about Jesus. Many think he can help them or someone they know. Their beliefs about Jesus are creating anticipation and expectation.

Human beings, due to our tendency for being easily deceived and mislead by the spiritual world, often created a view of entitlement for themselves. We couch this entitlement mindset in terms like fairness, goodness, needs, and promises. This entitlement process bleeds over into faulty theological thinking. Pop theology like, “I am good, so God owes me heaven. I have worked hard, so it is my turn to be blessed, or if I do this or that then God must respond.

Old Janice Joplin song which goes, “Oh Lord won’t you buy me a Mercedes Benz my friends all drive Porsches I must make amends.”

So, the story tells us that wherever Jesus goes, the crowds follow. They follow because of their desire. Jesus becomes a social magnet due to his actions. But does their interaction with Jesus bring a change in their lives? Do the actions of Jesus lead to a deeper understanding of what Jesus is all about?

“Christ you know I love you did you see I waved?

I believe in you and God so tell me that I’m saved

Christ you know I love you did you see I waved

I believe in you and God so tell me that I’m saved

Jesus I am with you touch me touch me Jesus

Jesus I am on your side kiss me kiss me Jesus,” so goes the song from Jesus Christ Superstar. But do the people really love Jesus or are they in love with what they believe Jesus can do?

Make no mistake, there was a lot of speculation, declaration, and confusion over who Jesus was. Later, in this very book of Mark, we find this discussion: On the way he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that I am?” They told him, “Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, and still others one of the prophets.” (Mk. 8:27-28 CEB).

People believed all kinds of different things about Jesus. Again, just because you believe something does not make it true.

A lot of people claim Jesus for a lot of different reasons. Only one reason, one belief will get us into heaven. That reason, belief is not based on what Jesus did, it is because of who Jesus is.  

In as much as Jesus create excitement through his actions, most of those who were attracted to him had no idea that he was God incarnate. Every thing Jesus did he did to verify who he was. But the disciples and the crowds could not comprehend this. Look again at verse 52. The Scripture states that their hearts were hardened.

The word translated hardened carries the meaning actively, of judicial hardening as a consequence of refusing to listen to God thus have a closed mind. Passively, it carries the meaning of the self-hardening of unbelievers be unwilling to hear, become stubborn. They could see but did not see. They could hear but did not hear. There is an old saying, “Don’t confuse me with the facts my mind is made up.” Why too many people make this mistake with Jesus.

Every action by Jesus had the purpose of point to the reality of who he was and why he became one of us. Listen to these words from the book of John; “Jesus answered, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. If you have really known me, you will also know the Father. From now on you know him and have seen him.” Philip said, “Lord, show us the Father; that will be enough for us.” Jesus replied, “Don’t you know me, Philip, even after I have been with you all this time? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?” (Jn. 14:6-9 CEB)

Jesus came to bring us something more profound than his ability to feed 5000 with a few loaves and fishes. Jesus came to offer us something more profound than walking on water. Jesus came not for crowds but for individuals. Jesus came so individuals could have the opportunity to grasp their purpose for a personal relationship not with a priest, prophet, preacher but with God, God with us. God like us. God for us.

When Jesus sees us, he has compassion. God really does care about our situation. God really does want us to understand. This is more than just belief, it is trust, it is faith, it is to have hope built upon the actions of Christ which allows us to see the possibilities and offers us the opportunities to see how our lives can change.

This is true hope. This is the way to eternity with God.

We read about the practices of Jesus and believe. “It’s good that you believe that God is one. Ha! Even the demons believe this, and they tremble with fear.” What is important is that you know the person Jesus, the incarnate son of God, the Alpha and Omega, and have faith. This is the offer of God to us.

Depression or Desolation

Depression is something I have struggled with my whole life.

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn’t worth living.

More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn’t a weakness and you can’t simply “snap out” of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don’t get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both. (The above definition was taken from; Depression (major depressive disorder) – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic)

Depression is a medical condition which can have several causes. Depression is a condition that can be treated.

There is another dark influence that can mimic the symptoms of depression but is different and has its causes in the psychiod realm. This condition is one people will face in this life whether they are depressed or not. This dark influence is called desolation. It is a struggle with the dark forces which influence our lives. The following statement (Fourth Rule) comes from the Rules for Discernment promoted by Ignatius of Loyola:

Fourth Rule. The fourth: Of Spiritual Desolation. I call desolation all the contrary of the third rule, such as darkness of soul, disturbance in it, movement to things low and earthly, the unquiet of different agitations and temptations, moving to want of confidence, without hope, without love, when one finds oneself all lazy, tepid, sad, and as if separated from his Creator and Lord. Because, as consolation is contrary to desolation, in the same way the thoughts which come from consolation are contrary to the thoughts which come from desolation.”

Desolation cannot be treated with medication or therapy. There are many people (myself included) who may have tried to deal with desolation by self medicating. I have found out this only makes the desolation worse and can created a clinical depressive state as well. Spiritual desolation has its roots in the persuasive deceptions and activities of those spiritual forces which are hostile to human existence. It cannot be treated but it can be outlasted and overcome.

Ignatius Seventh Rule gives insight in how spiritual desolation can be resisted:

Seventh Rule. The seventh: Let him who is in desolation consider how the Lord has left him in trial in his natural powers, in order to resist the different agitations and temptations of the enemy; since he can with the Divine help, which always remains to him, though he does not clearly perceive it: because the Lord has taken from him his great fervor, great love and intense grace, leaving him, however, grace enough for eternal salvation.

Spiritual desolation is a state of transition, It is a reminder of the spiritual reality that surrounds us. The best way to cope with spiritual desolation is to follow Ignatius Eighth Rule:

Eighth Rule. The eighth: Let him who is in desolation labor to be in patience, which is contrary to the vexations which come to him: and let him think that he will soon be consoled, employing against the desolation the devices, as is said in the sixth Rule.”

And then, to help understand spiritual desolation as to the why, Ignatius gives us the ninth rule:

Ninth Rule. The ninth: There are three principal reasons why we find ourselves desolate.”

The first is, because of our being tepid, lazy or negligent in our spiritual exercises; and so through our faults, spiritual consolation withdraws from us.

The second, to try us and see how much we are and how much we let ourselves out in His service and praise without such great pay of consolation and great graces.

The third, to give us true acquaintance and knowledge, that we may interiorly feel that it is not ours to get or keep great devotion, intense love, tears, or any other spiritual consolation, but that all is the gift and grace of God our Lord, and that we may not build a nest in a thing not ours, raising our intellect into some pride or vainglory, attributing to us devotion or the other things of the spiritual consolation.

Fourteenth Rule. The fourteenth: Likewise, he behaves as a chief bent on conquering and robbing what he desires: for, as a captain and chief of the army, pitching his camp, and looking at the forces or defenses of a stronghold, attacks it on the weakest side, in like manner the enemy of human nature, roaming about, looks in turn at all our virtues, theological, cardinal and moral; and where he finds us weakest and most in need for our eternal salvation, there he attacks us and aims at taking us.

As you can tell, much of what I am writing is in agreement and seeks show the major difference of treating depression (a medical condition) and with the effects of the spiritual world on our everyday lives and the application of the rules of discernment laid out by Ignatius of Loyola.

As a spiritual director, it is important to listen deeply when the directee speaks of being in a depressed mood. Always lean toward advising the directee to see a doctor if the feeling persist. Then, listen closely in prayer. Is what the directee saying a true indication of depression or is the directee in a state of spiritual desolation. All desolation can be endured and overcome and will be by those who seek God’s will and mercy. True depression likely will not.